The USA continues to be the top choice for students planning to study abroad. If you are among the few who aspire and have gotten the admission into your aspired university, applying for USA Student Visa is the next important step to realizing your Study in USA dream.
This Basic Guide For USA Student Visa examines briefly the various types of visa and attempts to give a detailed process of applying for the F1 Student Visa – applicable to students planning to take up their bachelor ’s as well as master’s in USA. Apart from this, candidates should also know the reasons why their US Student Visa gets rejected?
Types of USA Student Visa
There are three types of student visas to the US:
1. F1 USA Student Visa
- Students applying for a program which requires more than 18 hours of study in a week require an F1 visa. This includes all undergraduate programs as well as graduate programs like MS, MBA, etc.
- Spouses or children accompanying F-1 visa recipients will travel on an F-2 visa. Please note that spouses are not able to work but may accompany and/or apply for their own visa to the U.S. to work or study.
2. J1 Exchange Visitor Visa
- The J-1 Exchange Visitor Visa is for students, visiting scholars or lecturers pursuing an exchange program. For example, Fulbright scholars and many students on short-term study abroad programs from Indian universities will travel to the U.S. on a J-1 visa.
- J1 visa is usually sought by working professional who goes to America on an exchange program, hence the name Exchange Visitor Visa. These may include a 10-month vocational training or some research fellowship, etc. Whichever be the case, the applicants would be notified for the same by the respective institutions.
- Spouses or children accompanying J-1 Visa recipients will travel on a J-2 Visa. Please note that spouses are able to work when permission is obtained in advance.
3. M-1 Vocational/ Non-Academic USA Student Visa
- The M1 visa is a type of student visa reserved for vocational and technical schools. While the process remains similar to an F1 visa, the difference is that on entering, the M1 visas are time stamped and students cannot overstay their visit.
Also, read about student visas for study abroad and student visa for prominent international study destinations:
Check out a video on USA Visa counseling session by in-house Shiksha counselors. This video covers important topics like Steps to apply for a visa, documents you need to carry at the time visa interview and experts handling students’ queries.
READ MORE Basic Guide For USA Student Visa BELOW
Working on Student Visa
During the first year of studies, students cannot accept off-campus employment. Students cannot work more than 20 hours per week. During holidays and breaks, the student may work up to 40 hours per week. The student can work for a commercial firm that provides services to the college, such as a bookstore or cafeteria.
Cost of Visa
There are two fees associated with for F1 student visa for the USA
- SEVIS fee which is at present at $350
- Visa Application Fee (MRV Fee) which is at present $160 (at the exchange rate of INR 70)
Here is the breakdown of different types of Student Visas
|Type of Visa|
|Type of Fee||F1||J1||M1|
|Accepted modes of Payment||Credit Card
Money Order/ Demand Draft
|Payable in||Dollars at the applicable exchange rate as determined by the bank|
|MRV Application Fee/ Visa Application Fee|
|Accepted modes of Payment||NEFT Online Transfer
Instant Money Transfer by Mobile – IMPS
By Cash at counters of Axis Bank/ Citibank
|Payable in||Payable in INR at the Exchange Rate Fixed by the Consular Office (At present the exchange rate is fixed at $1 = INR 70)|
*Spouses and dependents do not need to pay the SEVIS fee if they are going to the U.S. on F-2 or J-2 visas. For more information about the SEVIS program, you can read SEVIS Fee & US Student Visa: What it is and how to pay it?.
Documents Required for F1 Student Visa Application
USA Student visa requires you to carry a lot more documents than you would for a tourist visa, by comparison. You need the mandatory documents along with supporting documents of financial and academic records. Make sure you refer to this checklist before going to the consulate for the visa interview.
- A valid passport with a validity date at least six months beyond your period of stay.
- Printed copy of DS-160, the online application form
- Interview appointment letter (original and copy)
- Form I-20 sent by the college (where you are going to study)
- Visa fees payment confirmation receipt
- Bank statement for at least three years showing that you have enough assets to pay for the first year (could be of parent or guardian)
- Pay slips
- Original mark sheets/provisional certificates
- Score sheet of exams like TOEFL, GMAT, IELTS, etc.
For the USA, students need to show proof of the amount of fund they need to cover for the first year total expenses. It includes tuition fees, living expenses, and other expenses (like books). They also need to show the proof of the readily available funds for rest of the tenure of education.
Evidence of Financial Resources required for F1 Visa
- Tax returns for the past 3 years (Form 16)
- Bank statements/passbook for the past 3 years
- Original pay/salary slips and letters of employment
- Statement from certified CA
- Scholarship letter (If the applicant has received it)
- The loan approval letter by the bank or the concerned authority
How to Apply for US Student Visa (F1 Visa)
Basic Guide For USA Student Visa – There are several steps to apply for a student visa:
- Your visa process starts when you receive Form I-20 from your college. Though you can pay the SEVIS fee anytime during the application, it is strongly recommended that you pay the SEVIS I-901 fee before you start your US visa application.
- After paying the SEVIS fee and getting a receipt, you can apply for a DS-160 visa form. It is an online application form.
- Print the application form confirmation page to bring to your interview.
- Pay the visa fee through NEFT or at authorized AXIS bank/Citi bank locations.
- Schedule a Biometric appointment and Interview appointment.
- For the Biometric appointment, you will be required to appear in person to get your photograph clicked for the visa and get your fingerprints scanned.
- At the Personal interview, the interviewer will ask you questions about your choice, of course, college, finances, and intent of coming back. If s/he is convinced, they will keep your passport with them to get the visa stamped. Here is a guide to help you prepare for your F1 Visa Interview.
Remember, F1 student visas can be issued up to 120 days before the starting date of your course of study. However, you will not be allowed to enter the United States on F1 status earlier than 30 days before your start date.
Spouses and children under the age of 21 who wish to accompany the applicant in the US for the duration of his or her stay require F2 or M2 visas. A spouse on F2 status cannot enroll for a full course of study but can take classes that are vocational or recreational in nature like pursuing a hobby or interest, such as cooking or tennis. Children on F2 status are allowed to attend elementary, middle, or high school as a full-time student. They may not enroll in a full-time course of study at a college or university.
The spouse and children of students cannot accept employment at any time during the stay-period on the F2 Visa.
F1 visa holders are eligible for up to 12 months of OPT (optional practical training) on completion of graduation. That means you can work for a year after you finish your studies. It is a temporary employment permission allowing students the opportunity to gain practical experience in their field of study. After that, you’ll be required to apply for a work visa if you have to continue working in the US. You can remain in the US up to 60 days after the completion of your course even if you don’t have a job offer or haven’t applied for OPT.
Where to Apply
Basic Guide For USA Student Visa – The process of getting an F1 visa is completely online. Below are the resources to fill out your forms –
For Biometrics interview you need to visit –
- Delhi –
S – 1 American Plaza, (Hotel Eros Managed by Hilton), International Trade Tower
Nehru Place, New Delhi – 110019
- Mumbai –
Trade Center, Ground Floor, G Block,
Bandra Kurla Complex,
Bandra East, Mumbai – 400051
- Chennai –
No 3, Cenotaph Road,
Teynampet, Chennai, Tamil Nadu – 600018
- Hyderabad –
1-8-384/385, Gowra Grand, S.P.Road,
Begumpet, Secunderabad – 500003
- Kolkata –
Jasmine Tower, 31, Shakespeare Sarani (1st Floor)
Kolkata – 700017
US Embassy and Consulates Addresses –
- The U.S. Embassy in New Delhi
Shanti Path, Chanakya Puri 110021
- The U.S. Consulate General in Mumbai (Bombay)
C-49, G-Block, Bandra Kurla Complex, Bandra East, Mumbai 400051
- The U.S. Consulate General in Chennai (Madras)
220 Anna Salai, Gemini Circle, 600006
- The U.S. Consulate General in Kolkata (Calcutta)
5/1 Ho Chi Minh Sarani, 700071
- The U.S. Consulate General in Hyderabad
Paigah Palace, 1-8-323, Chiran Fort Lane, Begumpet, Secunderabad 500 003
If you are a meritorious student you can also apply for various scholarships available at the institute/university you are applying to. Scholarships are considered as one of the best ways of financing your education. International students worry about managing funds while they are planning to pursue their studies abroad. Also, various universities/institutes offer scholarships to students. It can be need-based or merit-based. Experts also suggest students to check for different types of scholarships available for them. Below are some of the most popular scholarships for students going to study in the USA:
Basic Guide For USA Student Visa